Eucalypts are the world’s most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. Units on the circumference show megabase values and chromosomes. d, Heterozygosity in inbred siblings (proportion of 28 S offspring heterozygous at position, 0.39–0.93). grandis genome encodes a large number of predicted protein-coding loci (36,376) of which 89% are expressed in vegetative and reproductive tissues (Extended Data Fig. 1) plus various classes of non-coding genes (Supplementary Information section 2). An estimated 94% of the genome is organized into 11 pseudomolecules (605 megabases (Mb), Fig. Anchoring the genome assembly to an independent linkage map revealed that the remaining 4,941 smaller unanchored scaffolds (totalling 85 Mb) correspond largely to repeat-rich sequences and segments of alternative haplotypes of the assembled chromosomes derived from regions of residual heterozygosity in the otherwise inbred BRASUZ1 genome. Genome features in 1-Mb intervals across the 11 chromosomes. c, Average expression state (fragments per kilobase of exon per million sequences mapped, FPKM, per gene per Mb, 6–41 per Mb). g, h, Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified by resequencing BRASUZ1 in 1-Mb bins (g) and per gene (h, 11,656 genes); homozygous regions (The E. Whole-genome sequencing is the most comprehensive method for analyzing the genome.Genomic information has been instrumental in identifying inherited disorders, characterizing the mutations that drive cancer progression, and tracking disease outbreaks.
You know your SO is absolutely perfect for you, and the two of you might have planned something super romantic, whether that may be dinner at the place you met, or a picnic in the park with chocolate-covered strawberries.…We sequenced and assembled 94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology. Moreover, the unique palaeogeographic evolution of Eucalyptus, that is, isolation from other members of the rosid clade, enables disentangling of the events that led to the modern members of the rosids by characterizing shared and unique whole-genome duplication events and syntenic gene space with other sequenced genomes. grandis suggests that the Eucalyptus genome has been shaped by an early lineage-specific genome duplication event and a subsequent high rate of tandem gene duplication. We assembled a non-redundant chromosome-scale reference (V1.0) sequence for BRASUZ1 based on 6.7× whole-genome Sanger shotgun coverage, paired bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-end sequencing and a high-density genetic linkage map (see Methods and Supplementary Information section 1).